In the last 12 months, ongoing conflict has directly affected an estimated 1.62 million people in Libya. According to the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2018, 1.1 million people require life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection. As of August 2017, there were still around 217,000 IDPs, while some 278,000 people returned to their places of origin. Libya continues to be the main transit point of departure for people attempting to cross the Mediterranean into Europe. Over 400,000 migrants in Libya (the total estimated number is between 700,000-1,000,000) are particularly exposed to abuse and human rights violations, as rent-seeking armed groups proliferate and engage in smuggling, trafficking and exploitation of this group. Increasing interceptions/roundups have resulted in an increased number of migrants detained and exposed to abuses.
In 2018, IOM plans to provide assistance to IDPs, returnees and affected communities as well as to migrants in Libya. Key interventions will include rapid multi-sectorial assessments, advocacy for release of detained migrants, provision of multi-sectoral development-oriented and life-saving assistance, including core relief items and emergency food, psychosocial support, health assistance, multi-purpose cash assistance, registration, documentation, Voluntary Humanitarian Return, and monitoring of migration flows and protection, including DTM. Restoring basic functionality of essential services and livelihoods will also be part of IOM’s response for 2018.
IOM coordinates its response with the UNHCT through regular and ad-hoc sector meetings. Coordination for the migrants and refugees response is co-led by IOM and UNHCR though the Mixed Migration Working Group (MMWG). Additionally, IOM coordinates closely with Government counterparts, including the DCIM, Libyan Coast Guard, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Affairs and local municipalities, primarily in identifying target locations and beneficiaries. IOM Libya makes use of its well-established network of local NGOs, CSOs and local crisis committees, securing their support throughout the implementation of its activities.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 163,000 migrants, and 215,000 IDPs, returnees, and affected communities
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