“Niger has approved a law against the smuggling of migrants in an effort to stem the deadly flow of vulnerable Africans across its vast desert north, many of them headed toward Libya and on to Europe.

The law, approved unanimously by parliament … translates onto Niger’s statutes a United Nations protocol against the smuggling of migrants, allowing judges and police to take action.”

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-niger/niger-passes-law-to-tackle-migrant-smuggling-first-in-west-africa-idUSKBN0NX1M020150512