“Groups in vulnerable situations


34. Migrants continued to be subjected by smugglers, traffickers, members of armed groups and security forces to extreme violence; torture and other ill-treatment; forced labour; arbitrary deprivation of liberty; rape; and other sexual violence and exploitation. On 11 April 2017, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) denounced the presence of slave markets in Libya, where sub-Saharan migrants were bought and sold and women were traded as sex slaves. On 8 May, the International Criminal Court informed the Security Council that it was carefully examining the feasibility of opening an investigation into migrantrelated crimes in Libya, should the jurisdictional requirements of the Court allow it.

35. UNSMIL visited detention centres under the control of the Department for Combatting Illegal Migration in Gharyan, Tripoli, Misrata and Surman, where thousands of migrants have been held arbitrarily for prolonged periods of time with no possibility to challenge the legality of their detention. UNSMIL had documented S/2017/726 17-14002 7/17 cases of torture, ill-treatment, rape and other forms of sexual violence. Detention centres remained overcrowded, and detainees were often malnourished, living in poor hygienic conditions and with limited or no access to medical care.

36. Migrants rescued or intercepted at sea by the Libyan Coast Guard were disembarked at 10 designated points between Ras Ajdir and Misrata, and then transported to detention centres controlled by the Department for Combatting Illegal Migration. UNSMIL received numerous reports of dangerous, life-threatening interceptions by armed men believed to be from the Libyan Coast Guard. UNSMIL has been reviewing its support to the Libyan Coast Guard in line with the United Nations human rights due diligence policy.”