Results of questionnaires from more than 2,000 migrants in the transit and assistance centres of IOM in Niger returning from their trip to Libya or Algeria.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has collected testimonies from more than 2,000 migrants from West and Central Africa recorded between January and September 2014 in two transit and assistance centres for migrants (Dirkou, northeastern Niger and Arlit, north-west Niger). Upon returning from their
stay in Libya or Algeria, the testimony of these migrants, with singular paths, often sent back by the authorities, reflects the difficulties they face in their journey to the Mediterranean and Europe. This report proposes a portrait based on the analysis of the data collected from these migrants in transit, with the aim of helping to shed light on the actors’ of migration trends in West Africa, particularly in Niger.
The typical profile of returned migrants from Libya and Algeria in transit in Niger is as follows:
- is approximately 27 years old, did not attend school;
- is of Nigerian, Senegalese, Gambian or Malian origin;
- has an average of 4 dependents in the city or country of origin, but traveling alone – sometimes assisted by a third person;
- during his travel and stay, the migrant faced many difficulties and abuses, from employers: physical abuse, threats of intervention by the authorities, theft and confiscation of identity documents, etc. ;
- spent less than a year in Libya or Algeria before being taken back to the borders by authorities or leaving voluntarily;
- lived on temporary daily jobs, mainly in the building sector (construction, carpentry, caretaking, car washing, etc.) but also begging;
- the migrant who receives voluntary assistance to return to his city or country of origin intends in particular to engage in agricultural activities or small businesses.